One of the drawbacks of an English summer is flies and there have been plenty of them about this year. Apparently there are more than five thousand species in Britain. They vary greatly in size; some are useful but most are not. At least in England we’re not plagued with midges or at risk of contracting malaria from mosquitoes although, having said that, it was rife in England’s marshes and fens until the late nineteenth century. A few, such as hover flies, which look like small wasps and dart about as well as hovering, are beneficial to plants as pollinators while lacewings feed on aphids, mealy bugs and spider mites. Most flies however are potentially harmful. The most familiar are house flies which show no inclination to go back outside once indoors. They are major carriers of disease being attracted to food and faeces, are annoying when they settle on you, and appear to be immune to fly spray (but not a swat!). Bluebottles/blowflies, which lay their eggs on carcases, are also horrible but at least they oblige by going out the window when you open it. Fruit or vinegar flies also come indoors to aggravate us. In winter cluster flies hibernate in lofts. It is they that appear from nowhere indoors on a sunny winter’s day. Minute yellow swarming flies often hibernate with them.
Outdoors in summer there are black flies which swarm round our heads and sometimes bite and several species that plague livestock. So called horse flies inflict very painful bites to both animals and humans. Males actually feed on nectar and pollen, it’s the females that go for blood – with mouthparts like miniature knives they slash through skin with a scissor-like motion. Clegs too are painful blood suckers. Greenbottles lay their eggs on a sheep’s dirty wool. When they hatch the maggots eat their way into the sheep’s flesh. This is known as ‘strike’. Large warble flies are parasitic with a most unpleasant life cycle. They lay their eggs on the forelegs of cattle and deer. When these hatch the larvae bore into the skin and migrate through the animal’s body until they reach its back growing bigger all the time. They show as lumps before the huge maggots pop out. Thankfully warbles were eradicated from the UK in 1990. Less damaging, but probably more stressful, are autumn flies which plague cattle and horses by gathering round their heads in large numbers. They breed in animal dung as do khaki coloured dung flies which feed on any insects attracted to cowpats. Another familiar fly is the Crane fly, better known as ‘Daddy Long Legs’, a large, flying, long-legged insect which, in late summer, can sometimes be disturbed in their thousands when walking across grassland. They themselves do not bite although their larvae, better known as leatherjackets, cause untold damage beneath the ground by eating plant roots. Frit flies can seriously damage cereals and other major crop pests are aphids, thrips, greenfly and carrot flies.

Boughton News

AT 7.30 PM
Following a request from Boughton church members, Fincham
Chorus will perform a concert in Boughton church on Friday
13th September at 7.30 pm, in aid of church funds. They will
be performing 15 songs, of a mixed repertoire, some sacred
and others of a secular nature.
Entrance will be £5 per person -to include light refreshments.
contact 01366 500429 to reserve a seat.
Come along for an enjoyable evening!

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Latest from West Norfolk Borough Council

What we do with your waste
Most of the materials collected at our recycling centres are recycled or reused.
Recycling materials has a better environmental impact and costs less money than disposing of it with the rest of our leftover rubbish. There are some recyclable materials, like metals, that have some value and selling these materials helps lower the cost of running our recycling centre service.
However, it actually costs money to recycle a lot of the material we receive at our recycling centres – but this is still a lot less than the cost of disposing of it with the rest of the leftover rubbish.
What happens to the waste we don’t recycle?
After all our efforts to reduce, reuse and recycle there is still over 200,000 tonnes of waste generated by households in Norfolk that is not recycled. That’s over half a tonne for every Norfolk household in one year. Although we need to reduce the amount of leftover, or “residual”, waste we’re generating, we still need to deal with the residual waste we do create in ways that are environmentally friendly and good value for money.
For many years this waste was buried in landfill sites but now it is largely used to generate energy. Much of it is sent to three different facilities that process it into a fuel that is then exported to combined heat and power facilities in Europe. The fuel is burnt to generate electricity and heat. Exporting waste to Europe to facilities that recover both heat and electricity from the combustion process has a better carbon footprint than burying waste in a landfill in Norfolk.
Some waste is also sent to an energy from waste facility in Great Blakenham in Suffolk. The waste is burnt to produce energy while scrap metals and ash generated from the process are recycled.
Car batteries are collected by Glazewing in West Dereham, and are turned into lead and plastic chip and sent to UK markets via Derbyshire. Polypropylene is recovered for a variety of uses and gypsum (from the acid) has uses in the agricultural industry. Sulphuric acid, plastic, lead oxides and sulphates can be recovered from lead acid batteries
Household batteries are collected by Wiser in Thetford, and sent to a UK-based battery recycler. The recovered materials vary but are refined and sent onto specialised manufactures. Recovered nickel and steel is used in the steel industry. Cadmium and cobalt are reused in battery manufacturing. Recovered silver is used in the photographic and electronics industry. Mercury is reused in the lighting industry.
Bric-a-brac and furniture
Some bric-a-brac is collected by designated bric-a-brac collectors and taken to local auction houses and sold. There are reuse shops at some of our recycling centres where members of the public can buy items.
We send cardboard and paper to the NEWS material recycling facility (MRF) in Costessey, where it is bulked and baled for export abroad. The MRF is provided with legal and fully transparent documentation about all products going abroad, ensuring they are recycled.
Cooking oil
Cooking oil is recycled, without the use of additives, to produce biofuel (LF100) and biodiesel by Living Fuels in Hockwold. This is used exclusively within UK renewable facilities to generate heat and electricity for business and domestic properties.
Electrical items (WEEE)
Small domestic appliances are collected by Wiser. Vacuum cleaners, coffee and sewing machines are assessed before being resold directly through charity and social enterprise partners in the UK. Remaining items including radios, kettles, irons, drills and clocks are dismantled into component parts of mainly plastics and metals. These light items are shredded at a Cambridgeshire facility. Recovered plastics and metals are sent to a UK reprocessor. Small domestic appliances are collected by Wiser, Environcom and EMR.
Large domestic appliances such as washing machines and tumble dryers are collected by Glazewing, Sackers, Envirocom, EMR and Wiser. Metals and plastics are sold abroad in Europe with some ferrous metals also sold to India and Africa.
Engine oil
Engine oil is collected by Eco-oil in Ipswich. Some wastes can be returned to their original formulation. Others are recycled into industrial fuel used in manufacturing cement.
Fridges and freezers
They are collected by Wiser and Envirocom, and are then sent for resale through charity and social enterprise partners in the UK. If they are unsuitable for reuse, the components are recycled via specialist recycling plants. Metals and plastics are sent to reprocessors across the UK and Europe. Gases are recycled or incinerated. Insulations foam is used within the construction industry.
Garden and green waste
Green waste is composted to PAS100 standard at various sites in Norfolk (Greencomp, Greenworld, Marasham, ORM and TMA Bark Supplies) and is mainly sold as soil improver to the local horticulture and agriculture industry in the UK. A small amount is bagged and sold at the recycling centres.
Gas bottles (empty)
Empty gas cylinders are collected and returned to the companies who own them. The bottles can then be refilled again. Gas bottles are sent to Glazewing, Cylinder Care, and Flogas Ltd. Cylinders which are damaged beyond repair are recycled via European Metal Recyclers, Norwich.
Bottles and jars are reprocessed and turned into either glass bottles, or in the case of the mixed glass and contaminated loads, into road aggregates. Glass bottles are collected by Berryman and Indigo Waste for reprocessing.

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Planning Committee update

Update on planning committee hearing on Mill housing applications. All agreed that the critical aspect of these applications was to ensure that the Mill itself is demolished and it is the Parish Council’s view after consultation that some form of protection is set up so that the green field developments cannot proceed unless the Mill itself has been removed. It was made clear by the developer that without the additional two Greenfields that the demolition and redevelopment of the mill site would not be economically viable.
Parish chair Sue Lintern made a very good presentation to the panel after these applications were called in by Cllr Colin Sampson, supported most eloquently by Cllr. Kit Hesketh-Harvey, arguing for an approval of the application with stringent conditions attached.
The panel was very supportive of the concerns of Stoke Ferry regarding this proposed development but in the absence of a completed Neighbourhood Plan, which the Parish Council is working on, would have been duty bound to accept the planners recommended acceptance of this outline application. It was decided to hold off the final decision in order to allow the developers and planners to consult in a constructive, two-way dialogue with the parish council.
Cllr Martin Storey highlighted the history of disappointment rightly felt by the village as previous developments have not been completed as agreed and the village, in spite of the large number of listed buildings here, has a large number of incomplete and seemingly abandoned sites.
I accept the delay is not the best outcome for the village, but we must remember that the vital thing is to ensure that it is demolished as a required part of the housing development.
For the sake of balance, we should also note that development will generate a large S106 payment ( i.e. a mandatory expenditure to support the community to be carried out by the Borough Council) as well as Community Infrastructure payments that will be applied by the Parish council for the well being of the entire village.
So well done your elected representatives, they have fought hard to retain control of this development!

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PRESENT (Four Councillors):- Annie Barber (AB), Lorraine Hunt (LH), Paula Kellingray (PK) and Pam Walker
(PW) Chair
In attendance: Claire Cann (CC) Retiring Chair, Peter King, Parish Clerk, and 22 members of the public.

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